Welcome to JENT its Thursday 22nd of February 2018

Journal of Environmental Nanotechnology

(A Quarterly Peer-reviewed and Refereed International Journal)
ISSN(Print):2279-07 48; ISSN(Online):2319-5541

Piezoelectric Ceramic-Polymer Composites as Smart Materials: An Overview of Preparation Methods


Discrete types of compounds were involved in preparing smart materials. This study exclusively implicates only piezoelectric compounds owing to their innate piezoelectric effect. The ferroelectric natured materials: ceramic and polymer has been employed to fabricate efficient piezoelectric composites. In this study, efforts were taken to elucidate the methods involved in preparation of heterogeneous composites applied in the field of constructing transducers, sensors, actuators, etc.,. Their methods of preparation and applications vary from one another depending upon their connectivity and each of the methods successfully described with felicitous figures.

Article Type: Research Article

Corresponding Author: V. Annamalai 3  

Email: annamalai_140795@yahoo.co.in

This article has not yet been cited.

S Gayathiri 1,  P. Gowdhaman 2,  V. Annamalai 3*.  

1, 2, 3. Department of Physics, Chikkanna Government Arts College, Tirupur, Tamilnadu, India.

J. Environ. Nanotechnol., Volume 6, No. 3 pp. 83-89
ISSN: 2279-0748 eISSN: 2319-5541
Download Citation


Becker EW, Ehrfeld W, Hagmann P, et al  Fabrication of microstructures with high aspect ratios and great structural heights by synchrotron radiation lithography, galvanoforming, and plastic moulding (LIGA process). Microelectron Eng 4:35–56(1986).

doi: 10.1016/0167-9317(86)90004-3

Bowen, L. J. and French, K. W.,  Fabrication of piezoelectric ceramic/polymer composites by injection molding. In: ISAF ’92: Proceedings of the Eighth IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics. IEEE, 160–163(1992).

Bowen, L. J., Gentilman R. L. and Pham, H. T., Injection molded fine-scale piezoelectric composite transducers. In: Proceedings of IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium. IEEE, 499–503(1993).

Chang C-C, Pai C-L, Chen W-C, Jenekhe SA  Spin coating of conjugated polymers for electronic and optoelectronic applications, Thin Solid Films, 479, 254–260(2005).

doi: 10.1016/j.tsf.2004.12.013

Gowdhaman, P., Annamalai, V. and Thakur, O. P.,  Piezo, ferro and dielectric properties of ceramic-polymer composites of 0-3 connectivity, Ferroelectrics, 493, 120–129(2016).

doi: 10.1080/00150193.2016.1134028

Hackenberger, W., Ming-Jen Pan and Kuban, D., Novel method for producing high frequency 2-2 composites from PZT ceramic. In: 2000 IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium. Proceedings, An International Symposium (Cat. No.00CH37121). IEEE, 969–972(2000).

Halloran, J. W.,  Freeform fabrication of ceramics, Br Ceram. Trans., 98, 299–303(1999).

doi: 10.1179/096797899680633

Henderson, R., Chandler, H. and Akisanya, A., Finite element modelling of cold isostatic pressing, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 20, 1121–1128(2000).

doi: 10.1016/S0955-2219(99)00280-0

Hoy, C., Van, Barda, A., Griffith, M. and Halloran, J. W.,  Microfabrication of Ceramics by Co-extrusion, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 81,152–158(2005).

doi: 10.1111/j.1151-2916.1998.tb02307.x

Huebner, W., Reidmeyer, M. R., Stevenson, J. W. and Busse, L.,  Fabrication of 2-2 connectivity PZT/thermoplastic composites for high frequency linear arrays. In: Proceedings of 1994 IEEE International Symposium on Applications of Ferroelectrics. IEEE, 206–209(1847).

Jain, A. K. J. P. and Sharma, A. K., Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of PVDF/PZT composites: A review, Polym. Eng. Sci., 55, 1589–1616(2015).

doi: 10.1002/pen.24088

Jain, A., Kumar, S. J. and Kumar, M. R., PVDF-PZT Composite Films for Transducer Applications, Mech. Adv. Mater. Struct., 21, 181–186(2014).


Klicker, K. A., Biggers, J. V. and Newnham, R. E.,  Composites of PZT and Epoxy for Hydrostatic Transducer Applications, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 64, 05–09(1981).


Klicker, K. A., Schulze, W. A. and Biggers, J. V., Piezoelectric Composites with 3-1 Connectivity and a Foamed Polyurethane Matrix, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 65, 208-210(1982).

doi: 10.1111/j.1151-2916.1982.tb09953.x

Koray Akdogan, E., Mehdi Allahverdi  and A. S., Piezoelectric Composites for Sensor and Actuator Applications E, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control., 52, 746–765(2005).


Lubitz, K., Wolff, A. and Preu, G., PcI2: New piezoelectric composites for ultrasonic transducers, Ferroelectrics, 133, 21–26(1992).


Mirza, M. S., Liu, Q. and Yasin, T., Dice-and-fill processing and characterization of microscale and high-aspect-ratio (K, Na) NbO3-based 1-3 lead-free piezoelectric composites, Ceram. Int., 42, 10745–10750(2016).

doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.03.198

Seema, A., Dayas, K. R. and Varghese, J. M.,  PVDF-PZT-5H composites prepared by hot press and tape casting techniques, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 106, 146–151(2007).

doi: 10.1002/app.26673

Siemann, U.,  Solvent cast technology - A versatile tool for thin film production, Prog. Colloid. Polym. Sci., 130, 01–14(2005).

doi: 10.1007/b107336

Taghaddos, E., Hejazi, M., Safari, A.,  Lead-free piezoelectric materials and ultrasonic transducers for medical imaging, J. Adv.  Dielectr., 5, 1530002(2015).

doi: 10.1142/S2010135X15300029

Tok, A. I., Boey, F. Y., Khor, K., Tape casting of high dielectric ceramic composite substrates for microelectronics application, J. Mater. Process. Technol., 89–90, 508–512(1999).


Tyona, M. D.,  A theoritical study on spin coating technique, Adv.  Mater.  Res., 2, 195–208(2013).

doi: 10.12989/amr.2013.2.4.195

Yeon Kwon, D., Seon Kwon, J., Hun Park, S., A computer-designed scaffold for bone regeneration within cranial defect using human dental pulp stem cells, Sci. Rep., 5, 12721(2015).

doi: 10.1038/srep12721