Welcome to JENT its Thursday 22nd of February 2018

Journal of Environmental Nanotechnology

(A Quarterly Peer-reviewed and Refereed International Journal)
ISSN(Print):2279-07 48; ISSN(Online):2319-5541

Growth of High Grade SWCNTs from Gr (a) Grass for Nano Drug Delivery System-A New Modified Feasibility Study


As a eco-friendly green carbon product liable to fuse inside the human body, biotechnologists and pathologists suggested and put forth a strong message that CNTs may be used as a nano capsule which carries drug towards cancer treatment. Modified AC method – VSA methodology (with KRS or NTFDS theory) was novely adopted in this present work for the preparation of CNTs from natural organics i.e., Gr (a) grass towards the possibility of application to nano drug delivery system.. Structural, Compositional, Surface Morphological and Nano structural Characterizations were carried out on harvested products. The effects of optimizations parameters like pH of the various dipping solutions (acidic, basic and neutral), volume of dipping solutions, various types and parts of the materials, various dipping timings, number of annealing and dipping, various annealing temperature, various time of annealing and various dipping solution temperatures on structural, compositional, surface morphological, nano-structural characterizations of materials and on high grade SWCNTs growth with high yield were studied intensively. Inferences from characterizations were derived and graphically emphasized. Correlation studies between these characterization inferences (such as grain size, purity) and above optimization parameters were carried out with a high light on yield of high grade SWCNTs. Beyond all of these, we have carried out a new feasibility study at first time, which comprises the possible usage of precursor organic carbon sources for high grade SWCNTs with high yield via a low cost technique and methodology as value in commercial efforts.

Article Type: Research Article

Corresponding Author: K. Ramamoorthy 1  

Email: annamalai.krishnasamy@gmail.com

This article has not yet been cited.

K. Ramamoorthy 1*,  I. Manimaran 2.  

1. Government Arts and Science College, Kumarapalayam, TN, India.

2. Arignar Anna Government Arts College, Attur, TN, India.

J. Environ. Nanotechnol., Volume 6, No. 3 pp. 01-08
ISSN: 2279-0748 eISSN: 2319-5541
Download Citation


Ajayan, P. M. and Lijima, S., Capillarity-induced filling of carbon nanotubes, Nature, 361, 333-334(1993).


Ajayan, P. M. and T. W. Ebbesen, Nanometre size tubes of carbon, Rep. Prog. Phys., 60(10), 1025-1062(1997).


Anton, A. H. and Sayre, D. F., A study of the factors affecting the aluminium oxide-trihydrosyindole procedure for the analysis of catecholamines, J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 138, 360-375(1962).

Chik, H. and Xu, J. M., Nanometric superlattices: non-lithographic fabrication, materials and prospects, Mater. Sci. Eng. R Rep., 43, 103-138(2004).


Clark, L. C. and Lyons, C., Electrode systems for continuous monitoring in cardiovascular surgery, Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 102, 29-45(1962).

doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1962.tb13623.x

Crouse, D., Lo, Y., Miller, A. E. and Crouse, M.,  Self – ordered pore structure of anodized aluminium on silicon and pattern transfer,  Appl. Phys. Lett. 2000, 76, 49-51.


Degani, Y. and Heller, A., Direct electrical communication between chemically modified enzymes and metal electrodes. I. Electron transfer from glucose oxidase to metal electrodes via electron relays, bound covalently to the enzyme, J. Phys. Chem., 91(6), 1285-1289(1987).

doi: 10.1021/j100290a001

Ge, M. and Sattler, K., Scanning tunneling microscopy of single-shell nanotubes of carbon,  Appl. Phys. Lett. 1994, 65(18), 2284-6.


Gouveia-Caridade, C., Pauliukaite, R., Brett, C. M. A., Development of electrochemical oxidase biosensors based on carbon nanotube-modified carbon film electrodes for glucose and ethanol, Electrochim. Acta, 53(23), 6732-6739(2008).


Hou, S., Wang, J. and Martin, C. R., Template-Synthesized  protein nanotubes, Nano Lett., 5(2), 231-234(2005)

doi: 10.1021/nl048305p.

Jessensky, O., Müller, F. and Gösele, U., Self-Organized formation of hexagonal pore structures in anodic alumina, J. Electrochem. Soc. 1998, 145(11), 3735-3740(1998).

doi: 10.1149/1.1838867

Kyotani, T., Tsai, L. and Tomita, A., Preparation of ultrafine carbon tubes in nanochannels of an anodic aluminium oxide film,  Chem. Mater., 8(8), 2109-2113(1996).

doi: 10.1021/cm960063+

Li, A. P., Müller, F., Birner, A.,  Nielsch, K. and Gösele, U., Hexagonal pore arrays with a 50–420 nm interpore distance formed by self-organization in anodic alumina,  J. Appl. Phys., 84, 6023-6026(1998).


Li, J., Wang, Y. B, Qiu, J. D., Sun, D. C. and Xia, X. H., Biocomposites of covalently linked glucose oxidase on carbon nanotubes for glucose biosensor Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 383(6), 918-922(2005).


Liang, J., Chik, H. and Xu, J., Nonlithographic fabrication of lateral superlattices for nanometric electromagnetic-optic applications IEEE J Quantum Electron., 8(5), 998-1008(2002).


Liang, J., Chik, H., Yin, A. and Xu, J., Two-dimensional lateral superlattices of nanostructures: Nonlithographic formation by anodic membrane template,  J. Appl. Phys., 91, 2544-2546(2002).


Lijima, S. and Ichihashi, T., Single-shell carbon nanotubes of 1-nm diameter,  Nature, 363, 603-605(1993).


Lijima, S., Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon, Nature, 354(6348), 56-58(1991).


Masuda, H. and Fukuda, K., Ordered metal nanohole arrays made by a two-step replication of honeycomb structures of anodic alumina, Science, 268(5216), 1466-1468(1995).


Masuda, H., Yamada, H., Satoh, M. and Asoh,   H., Highly ordered nanochannel-array architecture in anodic alumina, Appl. Phys. Lett., 71, 2770-2772(1997).


Newbury, D. E. and Williams, D. B. The electron microscope: the materials characterization to the millennium, Acta. Mater., 48(1), 323-346(2000).


Rao, A. M., Eklund, P. C., Bandow, S. A. and Smalley, R. E., Evidence for charge transfer in doped carbon nanotube bundles from Raman scattering, Nature, 388, 257-259(1997).

Vamvakakl, V., Tsagaraki, K. and Chanlotakls, N., Carbon nanofiber-based glucose biosensor, Anal. Chem.,  78(15), 5538-5542(2006).


Wang, X. and Han, G., Fabrication and characterization of anodic aluminum oxide template,  Microelectronic Engineering, 66(1-4), 166-170(2003).


Withey, G. D., Lazareck, A. I., Tzolov, M. B., Yin, A., Aich, P., Yeh, J. I. and Xu, J. M. Biosens. Bioelectron., 21(8), 1560-1565(2006).


Yuan, J. H., He, F. H., Sun, D. C. and Xia, X. H., A simple method for preparation of through-hole porous anodic alumina membrane, Chem. Mater.,  16(10), 1841-1844(2004).

doi: 10.1021/cm049971u

Zhang, Z. and Lieber, C. M., Nanotube structure and electronic properties probed by scanning tunneling microscopy, Appl. Phys. Lett., 62, 2792-2794(1993).


Zhao, S., Chan, K., Yelon, A. and Veres, T., Preperation of open-through anodized aluminium oxide films with a clean method, Nanotechnology, 18(24), 245304-245308(2007).


Zhenhui, K., Enbo, W., Baodong, M., Zhongmin, S., Lei, C and Lin, X., Obtaining carbon nanotubes from grass,  Nanotechnology, 16(8), 1192-1195(2005).