Welcome to JENT its Thursday 18th of January 2018

Journal of Environmental Nanotechnology

(A Quarterly Peer-reviewed and Refereed International Journal)
ISSN(Print):2279-07 48; ISSN(Online):2319-5541
CODEN:JENOE2

Chemical Synthesis of CdSe Nanoparticles by using Hydrazine Monohydrate as A Reducing Agent

Abstract

Cadmium selenide (CdSe) nanoparticles (NPs) is a low band gap material (Eg = 1.75 eV, at room temperature). II-VI semiconductor nanoparticles are currently of great interest for their practical applications in zero-dimensional quantum confined materials and for their applications in optoelectronics and photonics. In the present work, we have synthesized nanoparticles of CdSe by using chemical method. The synthesized CdSe NPs were well characterized by powder X- ray diffraction (XRD) and Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM). It is investigated that as synthesized powder has a hexagonal structure of CdSe with diameters of the particles in the range of 74.68 nm. The FTIR spectra were used to identify the possible chemical-molecules responsible for the reduction of cadmium, selenide ions and reducing of hydrazine monohydrate formed CdSe NPs. Synthesized CdSe NPs were investigated at room temperature photoluminescence for excitation wavelengths 422 nm.

Article Type: Research Article

Corresponding Author: A. Jafar Ahamed  1  

Email: agjafar@yahoo.co.in

This article has not yet been cited.

A. Jafar Ahamed  1*,  K. Ramar 2,  P. Vijaya Kumar 3.  

1, 2, 3. Department of Chemistry, Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous),Tiruchirappalli, TN, India.

J. Environ. Nanotechnol., Volume 5, No. 3 pp. 29-33
ISSN: 2279-0748 eISSN: 2319-5541
ENT163198.pdf
Download Citation

Reference

Archana, J., Navaneethan, M., Ponnusamy, S., Hayakawa, Y.,  Muthamizhchelvan, C.,  Synthesis of organic ligand passivated zinc selenide nanorods via wet chemical route, Mater. Lett., 64(19), 2094–2097, (2010). 

doi:10.1016/j.matlet.2010.06.001

Changlong Jiang., Wangqun Zhang, Guifu Zou., Weicao Yu. and Yitai Qian., Synthesis and characterization of ZnSe hollow nanospheres via a hydrothermal route, Nanotechnology., 16(4), 551–554, (2005). 

doi:10.1088/0957-4484/16/4/036

Colvin, Schlamp, V. L.,  Alivisatos, M. C.,  Light-emitting diodes made from cadmium selenide nanocrystals and a semiconducting polymer, Nature., 370, 354- 357, (1994). 

Duck Jong Suh., O Ok Park., Hee-Tae Jung., and Moo Hyun Kwon., Optical properties and characteristics of the CdSe nanoparticles synthesized at room temperature, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 19(3), 529-533, (2002).

Encai Hao., Haiping Sun., Zheng Zhou., Junqiu Liu., Bai Yang., and Jiacong Shen., Synthesis and Optical Properties of CdSe and CdSe/CdS Nanoparticles. Chem. Mater., 11(11), 3097-3102, (1999).  

Fabien Pinaud., David King., Hsiao-Ping Moore and Shimon Weiss., Bioactivation and Cell Targeting of Semiconductor CdSe/ZnS Nanocrystals with Phytochelatin-Related Peptides. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 126(19), 6115-6123, (2004).  

Jennifer Zemke M., and Justin Franz ., A Biphasic Ligand Exchange Reaction on CdSe Nanoparticles: Introducing Undergraduates to Functionalizing Nanoparticles for Solar Cells. J. Chem. Educ., 93(4), 747-752, (2016). 

Julian Eastoe., Martin Hollamby J., Laura Hudson., Recent advances in nanoparticle synthesis with reversed micelles. Adv. Colloid and Interface Sci., 128–130, 5–15, (2006).

Kikuo Okuyama ., Wuled Lenggoro, I., Preparation of nanoparticles via spray route. Chem. Eng. Sci., 58(3-6), 537 – 547, (2003).

Lianhua Qu., and Xiaogang Peng., Control of Photoluminescence Properties of CdSe Nanocrystals in Growth. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 124(9), 2049-2055, (2002). 

Lifei Xi., Yeng Ming Lam., Yan Ping Xu., Lain-Jong Li., Synthesis and characterization of one-dimensional CdSe by a novel reversemicelle assisted hydrothermal method. Journal of Colloid and Interface Sci., 320(2), 491–500, (2008).

Lihui Zhang., Heqing Yang., Jie Yu., Fanghong Shao., Li Li., Fenghua Zhang., and Hua Zhao., Controlled Synthesis and Photocatalytic activity of ZnSe Nanostructured Assemblies with Different Morphologies and Crystalline Phases. J. Phys. Chem., 113(14), 5434–5443, (2009).  

Manna, A., Bhattacharya, R., Das, T.K., Saha, S., Effect of reducing agent in the formation of CdSe nanoparticles by chemical reduction route. Phys. B., 406(4), 981–984, (2011).

Mark Swihart, T., Vapor-phase synthesis of nanoparticles. Current Opinion in Colloid Interface Sci., 8(1), 127–133, (2003).

Parvaneh Iranmanesha., Samira Saeedniab., and Mohsen Nourzpoor., Characterization of ZnS nanoparticles synthesized by co-precipitation method. Chin. Phys. B., 4(24), 046-104, (2015).

Preeti Gupta., and M. Ramrakhiani., Influence of the Particle Size on the Optical Properties of  CdSe Nanoparticles. The Open Nanoscience Journal., 3, 15-19,(2009).

Punita Srivastava., and Kedar Singh., Synthesis of CdSe nanoparticles by solvothermal route: Structural, optical and spectroscopic properties. Adv. Mat. Lett., 3(4), 340-344, (2012).

Qing Peng., Yajie Dong., Zhaoxiang Deng., and Yadong Li., Selective Synthesis and Characterization of CdSe Nanorods and Fractal Nanocrystals. Inorganic Chemistry., 41 (20), 5249-5254, ( 2002).

Sachin Pawar, A.,  Rupesh Devan, S.,  Dipali Patil, S.,  Annasaheb Moholkar, V.,  Myeng Gil Gang., Yuan-Ron Ma., Jin Hyeok Kim., Pramod Patil, S.,  Improved solar cell performance of chemosynthesized cadmium selenide pebbles. Electrochimica Acta., 98, 244– 254, (2013).

Saravanan, L., Diwakar, S.,  Mohankumar, R.,  Pandurangan, A., and Jayavel, R.,  Synthesis, Structural and Optical Properties of PVP Encapsulated CdS Nanoparticles.  Nanomater. nanotechnol., 1(2), 42-48, (2011).

Vidyalakshmi Rajendran., Manfred Lehnigb., and Christ of Niemeyer, M.,  Photocatalytic activity of colloidal CdS nanoparticles with different capping ligands. J. Mater. Chem., 19(35), 6348–6353, (2009).

Xi, L.F., Lam, Y.M., Synthesis and characterization of CdSe nanorods using a novel microemulsion method at moderate temperature. Journal of Colloid and Interface Sci., 316(2), 771–778, (2007).

Yanli Liu., Yufang Li., and Haibo Zeng., ZnO-Based Transparent Conductive Thin Films:Doping, Performance, and Processing. J. Nanomaterials., 9, 196-521(2013).

Ying Wang., Zhiyong Tang., Miguel Correa-Duarte, A.,  Isabel Pastoriza-Santos., Michael Giersig., Nicholas Kotov, A.,  and Luis Liz-Marzan, M.,  Mechanism of Strong Luminescence Photoactivation of Citrate-Stabilized Water-Soluble Nanoparticles with CdSe Cores. J. Phys. Chem. B., 108(40), 15461-15469, (2004).

 

>>